Carpets tend to come in two different varieties: commercial and residential. These two kinds of carpet have different needs, so they are made from different materials. There are many different kinds of materials and each one has advantages and disadvantages. Some materials are very soft but not very durable. Other materials might be durable but not very comfortable. A low nap is generally a sturdier carpet, but it is less comfortable.
The term “rug” is often used interchangeably. However, they tend to be perceived somewhat different. A rug is generally thought of as a floor covering that only covers part of the floor. Also, they are generally considered to not be attached to the floor so you can pick up a rug or slide it across the floor. They are made of similar fabrics, though.
A woven fabric is created on a loom just like any other fabric. These tend to be Berber or plush. A plush pile comes from a cut pile. Berber carpet, however, is a loop pile. This means the individual threads that make up the flooring are looped into the backing. The Berber style comes from the Berber people of North Africa who are known for their intricate design work. In fact, their designs are so popular that a carpet in Perth is made in this style halfway around the world.
Some newer floorings are made from cut and loop carpeting, which combines the two different styles of weaving. These are some of the most intricate and attractive carpets, but they are also some of the most expensive. They take a very long time to make, especially the handmade ones.
An alternative manufacturing process is the more technologically advanced needle felt. These are produced by felting and intermingling fibers. Forked and barbed needles are used to combine synthetic fibers. They are most commonly found as commercial-grade flooring. Nylon is one of the most popular options for needle felt carpets because it is cheaply produced and easy to weave. Also, it is durable and does not stain very easily. Hotels, restaurants, and other high traffic areas frequently have these.
On these floors, the pile is knotted instead of cut or looped. The piles are also supported by more threads that are woven perpendicular to the pile. Many of these are knotted by hand to produce very ornate and highly-prized rugs. However, some of the less intricate knotted pile floorings were very popular in the past. Shag carpet is an example of this construction.
These are some of the affordable and prevalent constructions. In these rugs, the pile is machine-injected into the backing. The backing is then secured to another backing for stability. The secondary backing is usually some man-made material. The pile is then sheared for different effects. Most residential floors are made using this technique. It is quick, efficient, and reliable. Also, because of the reliance on machine production, they are very affordable as well.
There are a few other styles of producing flooring, but these are the most common.